The Effects of Angiotensin II, Endothelin-1, and Protein Kinase C Inhibitor on DNA Synthesis and Intracellular Calcium Mobilization in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells from Young Normotensive and Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats

B. Rosen, J. Barg, Reuven Zimlichman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Angiotensin II (Ang-II) and endothelin 1 (ET-1) are important peptides that induce a prolonged vasoconstriction and enhance proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). These substances may have an important role in the development of hypertension and atherosclerosis. Our objectives were to determine whether there are inborn differences in the proliferation patterns of VSMC obtained from spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) by studying the effects of Ang-II and ET-1 on VSMC from those strains before the onset of hypertension, and to evaluate the roles of protein kinase C (PKC) and intracellular Ca2+ in the mechanism of action of ET-1 and Ang-II. VSMC from aortas of young (1- to 2-week-old) SHR and WKY rats were grown as primary cultures in plates for 48 h. The cells were incubated with Ang-II (0.1 to 1000 nmol/L) or ET-1 (0.1 to 100 nmol/L). VSMC were also incubated in the presence of various concentrations of a PKC inhibitor, chelerythrine (0.1-10 nmol/L). Thymidine incorporation into DNA was measured as an indicator of DNA synthesis. Intracellular free Ca2+ was determined by using FURA-2AM. ET-1 and Ang-II caused a marked dose-dependent enhancement of thymidine incorporation into DNA. The responses of VSMC from WKY and SHR to Ang-II and ET-1 were similar. In both strains, chelerythrine caused a dose-dependent suppression in the activity of ET-1 and Ang-II. However, VSMC from SHR incubated in the presence of ET-1 were more susceptible to the inhibitory effect of chelerythrine. Both Ang-II and ET-1 induced an increase of intracellular free Ca2+. ET-1 induced a larger increase than Ang-II (190% and 100% greater than baseline free Ca2+ levels, respectively), in spite of a lower concentration of ET-1 (ET-1 = 30 nmol/L; Ang-II = 100 nmol/L). Ang-II and ET-1 exerted a similar mitogenic effect on primary cultures of VSMC obtained from young SHR before the development of hypertension, compared with WKY. The mitogenic activity of Ang-II and ET-1 was accompanied by an increase of intracellular free Ca2+. The effect of ET-1 upon intracellular Ca2+ was stronger than that of Ang-II. VSMC cultures of SHR stimulated with ET-1 were more susceptible to PKC inhibition than those of WKY. The similarity of the effects of Ang- II and ET-1 on SHR and WKY does not exclude their role in the pathogenesis of hypertension and atherosclerosis, and further studies should be carried out to determine their role. Am J Hypertens 1999;12:1243-1251

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1243-1251
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Volume12
Issue number12 II SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1999

Keywords

  • Angiotensin II
  • Chelerythrine
  • Endothelin I
  • Spontaneously hypertensive rats
  • Wistar-Kyoto rats

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