The effect of calcium blockers (verapamil, local anesthetics and lanthanum chloride) on serotonin release from rabbit platelets was studied. The following results were obtained: (1) Verapamil and tetracaine (but not lanthanum) caused a time- and dose-dependent release of serotonin. The curves describing the time-course and those describing the concentration dependence of the release were sigmoid, suggesting cooperativity. (2) Thrombin-induced release from the platelets was dependent upon extracellular sodium ions, while no dependence was observed for the drug-induced release. (3) The release by verapamil was partially inhibited by prostaglandin E1 and theophylline which are known to raise intracellular cAMP levels, but was unaffected by the prostaglandin-synthesis inhibitor, indomethacin. (4) Verapamil, tetracaine and lanthanum inhibited thrombin-induced release of serotonin. The curve of dose dependence of the inhibition by verapamil and tetracaine was not sigmoid. The inhibition by verapamil and tetracaine was reversed by extracellular calcium ions, but no effect of this ion on the drug-induced release reaction was observed. It is concluded that the serotonin release induced by some calcium blockers and the inhibition of the thrombin-induced release by the same drugs are two separate phenomena. It is suggested that verapamil and tetracaine-induced release are mediated by exocytotic processes brought about by the interference of the drugs with calcium distribution between the cytosol and storage compartments within the platelet.
- (Rabbit platelet)
- Serotonin release