The Effect of Various Cementing Agents on Occlusal Discrepancy Using an Intra-Oral Scanner: An In Vivo Study

Ameer Biadsee, Rana Yassin, Eran Dolev, Vladimir Perlis, Shchada Masarwa, Zeev Ormianer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A marginal fit of all-ceramic crowns is a prerequisite for the long-term clinical success of a dental restoration. Few in vivo studies have investigated the effect of the film thickness of various luting agents on vertical discrepancy. This in vivo study evaluated the influence of three luting cements on the occlusal vertical discrepancy of milled crowns using a complete digital workflow. Forty-three patients treated in a students’ clinic in Tel-Aviv University with 45 single posterior digitally prepared monolithic crowns were included in the study. The crowns were randomly divided into three groups using different resin luting agents: self-adhesive resin cement, resin-modified glass ionomer cement and adhesive resin cement. The crowns were intra-orally scanned before and after cementation. The two standard tessellation language (STL) files for each crown were superimposed using digital software, and between four and six measurements were made at the occlusal surface to demonstrate the occlusal and marginal discrepancies. One-way ANOVA (α = 0.05) was used. The vertical occlusal discrepancy ranged from 2 to 38 µm. The mean vertical discrepancy values were (µm): self-adhesive resin = 12.93 ± 4.74, resin-modified glass ionomer = 19.05 ± 4.60 and adhesive resin = 13.69 ± 5.17. There were significant differences between resin-modified and self-adhesive cement groups (p = 0.004), and between resin-modified and adhesive resin cement groups (p = 0.013). Distal marginal ridge measurements were significantly different between resin-modified glass ionomer cement and self-adhesive resin cement group (p < 0.001) and the adhesive resin cement group (p = 0.021). There were no significant differences between the discrepancy values at the two measurement points in the self-adhesive cement group (p = 0.377), nor the resin-modified glass ionomer group (p = 0.388), or the adhesive resin cement group (p = 0.905). The cementation procedure with various resin cements results in occlusal vertical discrepancies within standard clinical acceptability. Resin-modified glass ionomer cement produced more vertical discrepancy than adhesive and self-adhesive resin cements did.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6124
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • CAD-CAM
  • dental cements
  • marginal misfit
  • occlusal discrepancy

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