The effect of urinary bladder catheterization on patient care in an internal medicine department

Zvi Shimoni, Michael Mullerad, Mark Niven, Zeev Feuchtwanger, Paul Froom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Recommendations for urinary catheterization in newly hospitalized patients are inconsistent and unclear. Methods: The authors studied prospectively consecutive patients who were catheterized in an internal medicine department over a 3-month period, with follow-up for 6 months or until the catheter was removed. Patient records were reviewed to determine if catheterization was definitely not indicated by commonly accepted criteria. After chart review, a category of possibly not indicated was defined as having no demonstrable effect on patient care. Results: There were 17.7% patients (122/691) catheterized during their admission. According to accepted criteria, definite inappropriate catheterization occurred in 18 patients (14.7%). There were an additional 69 patients (56.6%) with unclear clinical benefits, hospitalized because of fever, acute congestive heart failure, a cerebral vascular accident or respiratory insufficiency due to exacerbation of chronic obstructive lung disease. During hospitalization, attempts to remove the catheter failed in 13 patients, 4 of who remained with the catheter permanently, complicated by urosepsis in 1 patient. Conclusion: Over 50% of the patients had acceptable indications for catheterization but no demonstrable benefit from the procedure. In such patients, the uncertain benefits of catheterization should be balanced by potential complications. Additional studies are warranted to determine the effect of acute urinary catheterization on patient care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)474-477
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of the Medical Sciences
Volume341
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

Keywords

  • Benefits
  • Patient care
  • Risks
  • Urinary catheterization, Internal medicine department

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