The effect of transfusion of fresh whole blood versus platelet concentrates after cardiac operations. A scanning electron microscope study of platelet aggregation on extracellular matrix

J. Lavee, U. Martinowtiz, R. Mohr, D. A. Goor, M. Golan, J. Langsam, Z. Malik, N. Savion

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Abstract

To evaluate the effect of fresh whole blood transfusion versus platelet concentrates transfusion on platelet aggregation after cardiac operations, 24 patients were randomized to receive either one unit of fresh whole blood (12 patients) or 10 platelet units (12 patients) after cardiopulmonary bypass. Platelet aggregation on extracellular matrix, platelet count, and mean platelet volume were studied preoperatively, at termination of cardiopulmonaty bypass, after protamine administration, and after the transfusion of fresh whole blood or after transfusion of each two platelet units. Extracellular matrix produced by cultured bovine corneal cells closely resembles the vascular subendothelial basal lamina, and is an ideal in vitro model in the study of platelet interaction with the subendothelium. Platelet aggregation on extracellular matrix, studied by a scanning electron microscope, was graded from 1 to 4, wherein grade 1 represents nonactivated platelets and grade 4 a mature platelet aggregate. With this grading system, the two groups were similar in preoperative values (3.3 ± 0.9 versus 3.7 ± 0.4) and values after cardiopulmonary bypass (1.5 ± 1.0 in both groups). One unit of fresh whole blood restored platelet aggregation on extracellular matrix to preoparative status (3.0 ± 1.0), whereas eight platelet units were needed for the same result (3.2 ± 0.8). One unit of fresh whole blood increased platelet count in a manner similar to that achieved by six platelet units and increased mean platelet volume to a level higher than that achieved by 10 platelet units. These results suggest that the effect of one unit of fresh whole blood on platelet aggregation after cardiopulmonary bypass is at least equal, if not superior, to the effect of 8 to 10 platelet units.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-212
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume97
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

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