The effect of the validity of co-occurrence on automatic and deliberate evaluations

Tal Moran*, Yoav Bar-Anan, Brian A. Nosek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Co-occurrence of an object and affective stimuli does not always mean that the object and the stimuli are the same valence (e.g., false accusations that Richard is a crook). Contemporary theory posits that information about the (in)validity of co-occurrence has stronger influence on deliberate than automatic evaluation. However, available evidence supports that hypothesis only when the (in)validity information is delayed. Further, the existing evidence is open to alternative methodological accounts. In six high-powered experiments (total N = 1750), we modified previous procedures to minimize alternative explanations and examine whether delayed (in)validity information has a discrepant effect on automatic versus deliberate evaluation. Casting doubt on the generality of the hypothesis, we found more sensitivity of deliberate than automatic evaluation to delayed validity information only when automatic evaluation was measured with the Implicit Association Test and not with the evaluative priming task or the affective misattribution procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)708-723
Number of pages16
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes


FundersFunder number
Project Implicit Inc.
United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation2013214
Israel Science Foundation1012/10


    • attitude formation
    • automatic evaluation
    • evaluative learning
    • implicit measure
    • validity


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