The effect of shiga toxin and sonicates of Shigella isolates from children with neurologic manifestation on neuroblastoma cell lines

S. Ashkenazi, Y. Yuhas, S. Even-Tov, E. Kaminsky, Y. L. Danon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although neurologic manifestations are frequent during childhood shigellosis, their pathogenesis is unclear and controversial. Shiga toxin and other cytotoxins are often implicated, but their effect on neuronal cells has not been determined. We examined the effect of purified Shiga toxin and sonicates of Shigella isolates from children with neurologic symptoms on well-characterized human neuroblastoma cells in vitro. Quantitative determinations showed high cytotoxicity of Shiga toxin on HeLa cells (1.2 x 106 CD50/mg purified toxin), but no effect on LA-N-1, LA-N-5 and IMR neuroblastoma cell lines. Pretreatment with tumor necrosis factor, which increases expression of the Shiga toxin receptor, globotriosyl ceramide, in endothelial cells and enhanced Shiga toxin cytotoxicity, did not affect the susceptibility of neuroblastoma cells to the toxin. Low dilutions (up to 1:16-1:64) of sonicates of Shigella isolates from children with neurologic symptoms caused agglutination of neuroblastoma cells, but no cell killing was observed morphologically. This study shows that Shiga toxin does not exhibit cytotoxic activity on the human neuroblastoma cell lines examined, neither do sonicates of relevant Shigella strains. The mechanism and significance of the agglutination activity on neuroblastoma cells should be further studied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)604-610
Number of pages7
JournalIsrael Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume30
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Neuroblastoma cells
  • Neurologic symptoms
  • Pediatrics
  • Shiga toxin
  • Shigella

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