The effect of repeated epidural sympathetic nerve block on 'failed back surgery syndrome' associated chronic low back pain

Brian Fredman, Edna Zohar, Meir Ben Nun, Rusan Iraqi, Robert Jedeikin, Reuven Gepstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Study Objective: To assess the therapeutic benefits of repeated epidural local anesthetic administration on pain perception and straight leg raise (SLR) in patients suffering from chronic low back pain. Design: Prospective, randomized, controlled, single-blind study protocol. Patients: 50 ASA physical status I, II, and III patients at least 18 years of age, who had previously undergone spine surgery. Interventions: All participants were admitted to hospital for the 5-day duration of the study. Following epidural catheterization, fluoroscopy was performed to verify correct placement of the epidural catheter. On the first study day, all patients received depomedrol 80 mg, in 10-ml 1% lidocaine, epidurally. Thereafter, patients were randomized into two equal groups. In Group Bupivacaine (B) 10-ml 0.125% bupivacaine was administered. In Group Saline (S), an equal volume of saline was administered. Epidural injections were performed twice daily (09H00 and 14H00) for 4 days. Sympathetic blockade was confirmed by the presence of peripheral vasodilatation. Sensory blockade was assessed using loss of pin prick and temperature sensation. SLR as well as patient-generated 100-mm visual analog score (VAS) for pain were performed prior to each injection, at 15 minutes after injection, and hourly for 2 hours thereafter. Similar parameters were measured 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after discharge. Measurements and Main Results: 46 patients completed the study. VAS for pain was marginally lower in Group B. However, statistical significance was not demonstrated. During the hospitalization period, the SLR in both study groups significantly (0.008) improved with time. However, no difference between the groups was demonstrated. In both groups, 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after discharge, the SLR was comparable to prestudy recordings. In Group B, at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after discharge, patient-generated VAS for pain were significantly (p = 0.002) higher when compared to pain scores at the time of patient discharge. Conclusion: Repeated lumbar epidural blockade does not decrease pain or improve SLR in 'failed back surgery syndrome'.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-51
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Anesthesia
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1999

Keywords

  • Back surgery: 'failed back surery syndrome'
  • Drug administration: repeated epidural
  • Pain, chronic
  • Sympathetic nervous system

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