The Effect of Polyethylene Liner Thickness on Patient Outcomes and Failure After Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty

Simon P. Garceau, Yaniv S. Warschawski, Alex Tang, Ethan B. Sanders, Ran M. Schwarzkopf, David J. Backstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The effect of using thicker liners in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on functional outcomes and aseptic failure rates remains largely unknown. As such, we devised a multicenter study to assess both the clinical outcomes and survivorship of thick vs thin liners after primary TKA. Methods: A search of our institutional databases was performed for patients having undergone bilateral (simultaneous or staged) primary TKA with similar preoperative and surgical characteristics between both sides. Two cohorts were created: thick liners and thin liners. Outcomes collected were as follows: change in Knee Society Score (ΔKSS), change in range of motion, and aseptic revision. Ad hoc power analysis was performed for ΔKSS (⍺ = 0.05; power = 80%). Differences between cohorts were assessed. Results: About 195 TKAs were identified for each cohort. ΔKSS and change in range of motion in the thin vs thick cohorts were similar: 51.4 vs 51.6 (P =.86) and 11.1° vs 10.0° (P =.66), respectively. No difference in aseptic revision rates were observed between thin and thick cohorts: all cause (4.1%, 3.1%; P =.59), aseptic loosening (0.5%, 0.5%; P = 1.0), instability (0.5%, 0.5%; P = 1.0), all-cause revision for stiffness (3.1%, 2.1%; P =.52), manipulation under anesthesia (2.1%, 2.1%; P = 1.0), and liner exchange (0.5%, 0%; P =.32). Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that both rates of revision surgery and clinical outcomes are similar for TKAs performed with thick and thin liners. Preoperative factors are likely to play an important role in liner thickness selection, and emphasis should be placed on ensuring sound surgical technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2072-2075
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume35
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • aseptic failure
  • bilateral
  • liner thickness
  • outcomes
  • total knee arthroplasty

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