The effect of neonatal sepsis on bone turnover in very-low birth weight premature infants

Alon Eliakim, Yaakov Shiff, Dan Nemet, Tzipora Dolfin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Neonatal sepsis is very common in preterm infants, and severe morbidity during the neonatal period is a major cause of osteopenia of prematurity. We examined the effect of neonatal sepsis on bone turnover markers in premature infants. Twenty-four premature infants participated in the study. Ten of the premature infants developed sepsis during their hospitalization in the neonatal intensive care unit (mean gestational age [GA] 27.3 ± 0.4 weeks; mean birth weight [BW] 898 ± 82 g). Fourteen infants who did not develop sepsis served as controls (GA: 26.8 ± 0.8 weeks, BW: 892 ± 66 g). Blood samples for bone turnover markers were collected during the initial sepsis workup, and at the end of the first week of treatment, and were compared to the corresponding weekly changes in bone markers in the controls. In addition, samples were collected at the end of the 10th week of life to determine long-term effects of sepsis on bone turnover. Bone osteoblastic activity was assessed by measurements of circulating osteocalcin, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BSAP) and the C-terminal procollagen peptide (PICP) levels. Bone resorption was assessed by measurements of circulating carboxy terminal cross-links telopeptide of type I collagen (ICTP). There were no significant differences in the weekly changes of all bone turnover markers in premature infants who developed or did not develop sepsis. No significant differences were found in bone turnover markers at the age of 10 weeks between the groups. Neonatal sepsis in premature infants was not associated with biochemical evidence of reduced bone turnover.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-418
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003

Keywords

  • Bone formation
  • Bone markers
  • Bone resorption
  • Preterm infants
  • Sepsis

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