The effect of mechanical bowel preparation on postoperative complications in laparoscopic right colectomy: a retrospective propensity score matching analysis

Michal Perets*, Shlomo Yellinek, Ofra Carmel, Elad Boaz, Amir Dagan, Nir Horesh, Petachia Reissman, Michael R. Freund

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To assess whether full bowel preparation affects 30-day surgical outcomes in laparoscopic right colectomy for colon cancer. Methods: A retrospective chart review of all elective laparoscopic right colectomies performed for colonic adenocarcinoma between Jan 2011 and Dec 2021. The cohort was divided into two groups—no bowel preparation (NP) group and patients who received full bowel preparation (FP), including oral and mechanical cathartic bowel preparation. All anastomoses were extracorporeal stapled side-to-side. The two groups were compared at baseline and then were matched using propensity score based on demographic and clinical parameters. The primary outcome was 30-day postoperative complication rate, mainly anastomotic leak (AL) and surgical site infection (SSI) rate. Results: The original cohort included 238 patients with a median age of 68 (SD 13) and equal M:F ratio. Following propensity score matching, 93 matched patients were included in each group. Analysis of the matched cohort showed a significantly higher overall complication rate in the FP group (28 vs 11.8%, p = 0.005) which was mostly due to minor type II complications. There were no differences in major complication rates, SSI, ileus, or AL rate. Although operative time was significantly longer in the FP group (119 vs 100 min, p ≤ 0.001), length of stay was significantly shorter in the FP group (5 vs 6 days, p = 0.001). Conclusions: Aside from a shorter hospital stay, full mechanical bowel preparation for laparoscopic right colectomy does not seem to have any benefit and may be associated with a higher overall complication rate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number133
JournalInternational Journal of Colorectal Disease
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Anastomotic leak
  • Bowel preparation
  • Laparoscopic
  • Right colectomy
  • SSI

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The effect of mechanical bowel preparation on postoperative complications in laparoscopic right colectomy: a retrospective propensity score matching analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this