The effect of LH on the fertilizability and developmental capacity of rat oocytes matured in vitro.

R. Shalgi, N. Dekel, P. F. Kraicer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effect of adding LH (10 microgram NIH-LH-B8/ml) to the medium in which oocytes were undergoing maturation in vitro was studied. The fertilizability of the oocytes was evaluated in the sterile oviduct of a unilaterally ovariectomized, mated recipient. Freshly ovulated oocytes, used as a control of the method, were fertilized at a rate of 72%. Only 14% of oocytes matured in culture (without LH) were penetrated by spermatozoa, and 11% were fertilized normally. Addition of LH to the medium increased these proportions to 43 and 33% respectively. Oocytes matured in the presence of LH were able to develop into apparently normal rats. It is concluded that, although oocytes can mature in vitro spontaneously, and that these matured oocytes can be fertilized, addition of LH increases the numbers 3-fold. LH therefore has a direct maturation-promoting action on the rat oocyte-cumulus complex in vitro.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-435
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Reproduction and Fertility
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1979

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