The effect of intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin) injection on retinal blood flow velocity in patients with choroidal neovascularization

Adiel Barak, Zvia Burgansky-Eliash, Hila Barash, Darin A. Nelson, Amiram Grinvald, Anat Loewenstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose. To study the short-term effects of intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin) on retinal blood flow velocity and compare them to clinical outcomes assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and tests of visual acuity. Methods. The Retinal Function Imager (RFI) was used noninvasively and quantitatively to measure retinal blood flow velocity. Eight patients receiving intravitreal injection of Avastin for choroidal neovascularization (CNV) were included in this study. All were imaged by the RFI preinjection and 1 and 7 days postinjection. Visual acuity (VA) and OCT were recorded preinjection and 1 month postinjection. Comparisons were performed using paired Student t test and correlation using Spearman rank test. Results. A good correlation was found between the 1-month change in VA and OCT measurements and the short-term change induced in blood flow velocity. Arterial and venous velocity changes 1 day after the injection correlated with the VA change (p<0.05). The 1-day arterial velocity changes correlated with total macular volume (p=0.02) and venous velocity changes correlated to central macular thickness (p=0.04). Conclusions. The RFI provides a noninvasive technique to assess early hemodynamic responses to intravitreal injection of Avastin. These early changes may prove important for better understanding of the mechanism underlying this treatment and serve as a quantitative marker for treatment optimization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-430
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bevacizumab
  • Blood flow
  • Flow velocity
  • Imaging
  • Retinal functional imager

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