The effect of intermittent versus continuous bladder catheterization on labor duration and postpartum urinary retention and infection: a randomized trial

Shmuel Evron, Vladimir Dimitrochenko, Vadim Khazin, Alexander Sherman, Oscar Sadan, Mona Boaz, Tiberiu Ezri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Study Objective: To assess the effect of intermittent versus continuous bladder catheterization on labor duration and local anesthetic consumption. Design: Randomized, controlled, prospective, single-blind trial. Setting: University-affiliated hospital. Patients: 209 ASA physical status I and II, primiparous parturients who received patient-controlled epidural analgesia for labor. Interventions: Patients were randomly allocated to either the intermittent bladder catheterization group (Group IC; n = 109) or the continuous catheterization group (Group CC; n = 100). Measurements: Duration of the second stage of labor, dose of local anesthetics given, and primary outcomes were compared by group using the t-test for independent samples. Main secondary outcomes were postpartum urinary retention and rate of postpartum urinary tract infection (UTI; asymptomatic bacteruria). Main Results: Duration of the second stage of labor was longer in Group CC than Group IC: 105 ± 72 vs. 75 ± 52 min (P = 0.002). This finding was associated with increased local anesthetic dose requirement in Group CC during both stages of labor (73 ± 25 mL vs. 63 ± 26 mL; P = 0.005). The rate of UTI was similar (30%) in both study groups. Conclusion: Intermittent bladder catheterization was associated with shorter second-stage labor and less local anesthetic, but the same frequency of postpartum urinary retention and UTI was seen with both catheterization groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)567-572
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Anesthesia
Volume20
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anesthesia, obstetrical
  • Duration of labor
  • Patient-controlled epidural analgesia
  • Urinary bladder catheterization: complications
  • Urinary retention
  • Urinary tract infection

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