The effect of heart rate on the termination of electrically induced ventricular fibrillation in the isolated perfused rat heart

M. Arad, S. Rogel, Y. Mahler, G. Uretzky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ventricular fibrillation (VF) which is normally sustained in large animals and humans, is transient in small animals. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the possible effect of changing cardiac rate on spontaneous ventricular defibrillation. In isolated perfused rat heart, VF was electrically induced during normal spontaneous rhythm of the heart at normal rate and at various ventricular pacing rates. It was found that: 1) Electrically induced VF in isolated perfused, non-ischemic rat heart spontaneously terminated in 88% of the hearts; 2) Ventricular pacing rhythm of spontaneous rate plus 10% caused VF to be sustained in 26% of the hearts (which defibrillated spontaneously during normal rates); 3) Ventricular pacing at 200% of the basic rate led to sustained VF in about half the VF episodes (14 out of 33, p<0.005). In the remainder, which defibrillated spontaneously, a sustained VF could be achieved by further increase in ventricular pacing rate; 4) Slow pacing rate, as a result of the surgical production of atrioventricular (A-V) block, enhanced the probability of spontaneous defibrillation (21 of 21 episodes after slow pacing vs 24 of 34 episodes following pacing at previous normal sinus rhythm, p<0.05). Selective modulation of conduction velocity, refractory period or both, achieved by changes in ventricular pacing rate was assumed to play an important role in determining whether electrically-induced VF would be transient or sustained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)678-686
Number of pages9
JournalBasic Research in Cardiology
Volume83
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1988
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cardiac pacing
  • heart rate
  • spontaneous defibrillation
  • ventricular fibrillation

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