The effect of DL-propranolol on γ-aminolevulinic acid synthetase activity and urinary excretion of porphyrins in allylisopropylacetamide-induced experimental porphyria

Ilana Blum*, Nili Schoenfeld, Abraham Atsmon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Experimental porphyria was induced in rats by allylisopropylacetamide. DL-Propranolol, a β-adrenergic-receptor blocking agent, significantly reduced the elevated urinary excretion of δ-aminolevulinic acid, porphobilinogen and total porphyrins. DL-Propranolol also partially prevented the increased activity of δ-aminolevulinic acid synthesis in liver homogenates of allylisopropylacetamide-treated rats. It had no effect on the above parameters in normal rats. These findings support the hypothesis that δ-aminolevulinic acid exists in two forms, a constitutive and an inducible one. In order to examine whether the action of the drug was caused by its membrane effect. D-propranolol and quinidine sulphate were used in similar sets of experiments. These drugs had no effect on the abnormal porphyrin metabolism of allylisoprpyl-acetamide-treated rats, indicating that the results obtained with DL-propranolol were not due to its membrane action.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-248
Number of pages7
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects
Volume320
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Sep 1973

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