The effect of delaying nephrectomy on oncologic outcomes in patients with renal tumors greater than 4 cm

Roy Mano*, Emily A. Vertosick, Abraham Ari Hakimi, Itay A. Sternberg, Daniel D. Sjoberg, Melanie Bernstein, Guido Dalbagni, Jonathan A. Coleman, Paul Russo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: Delaying nephrectomy<3 months does not adversely affect treatment outcome of renal tumors. Whether surgical waiting time (SWT; time from diagnosis to surgery)>3 months affects treatment outcome for large renal masses has not been well studied. We aimed to evaluate if SWT is associated with treatment outcome of renal masses >4 cm and identify patients who are more likely to experience prolonged SWT. Materials and methods: Data from 1,484 patients undergoing radical or partial nephrectomy at a single institution for a nonmetastatic renal mass>4 cm between 1995 and 2013 were reviewed. Patients with benign tumors and incomplete preoperative data were excluded. The association between SWT and disease upstaging at the time of surgery and recurrence at 2 and 5 years was assessed using logistic regression. Cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival were assessed with landmark survival analyses and multivariable Cox proportional hazards models. All analyses were adjusted for patient and tumor characteristics. Results: Of the final cohort of 1,278 patients, 267 (21%) had SWT>3 months. Patients with larger, symptomatic tumors had shorter SWT. Median follow-up for survivors was 3.8 years (interquartile range: 1.5-7.4). On multivariable analysis, SWT was not associated with disease upstaging, recurrence, or CSS. Longer SWT was associated with decreased overall survival (hazard ratio = 1.17; 95% CI: 1.08-1.27; P = 0.0002). Sex and tumor size, histology, and presentation were associated with disease upstaging, recurrence, and CSS. The most common cause for surgical delay>3 months was evaluation and treatment of comorbidities. Conclusion: Patient and tumor characteristics, rather than SWT, were associated with disease upstaging, recurrence, and CSS, and should guide the decision to delay surgery when treating nonmetastatic renal tumors>4 cm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239.e1-239.e8
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 May 2016


  • Nephrectomy
  • Outcome prediction
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Surgical treatment delay


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