The effect of concomitant histologic chorioamnionitis in pregnancies complicated by fetal growth restriction

Michal Levy*, Michal Kovo, Ohad Feldstein, Ann Dekalo, Letizia Schreiber, Omer Levanon, Jacob Bar, Eran Weiner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: We aimed to investigate the effect of placental histologic chorioamnionitis (HC) on neonatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by fetal growth restriction (FGR). Methods: - The computerized medical files of all pregnancies diagnosed with FGR (birthweight <10th percentile) at 24–42 weeks of gestation between 2008 and 2019 were reviewed. Maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared between FGR with and without evidence of placental HC. Placental lesions were classified according to “Amsterdam” criteria. Composite adverse neonatal outcome-included any of the following complications: neurological morbidity, neonatal respiratory assistance, RDS, NEC, sepsis, blood transfusion, phototherapy, hypoglycemia, or neonatal death. Composite severe adverse neonatal outcome included any of the following complications – neurological morbidity, blood transfusion, NEC, sepsis, RDS, neonatal death. Results: - Compared to FGR without HC (n = 446), FGR with HC (n = 57) was characterized by more advanced gestational age at delivery 39.2 (38.3–39.9) vs. 38.2 (36.9–39.2), weeks respectively, p < 0.001), higher rate of nulliparity (73.7% vs. 45.1%, p < 0.001), less vascular lesions of MVM (1.8% vs.11.2%, p = 0.02), higher rate of Apgar scores at 5 min <7 (10.5% vs. 2%, p = 0.004), increased neonatal death (7.0% vs. 0.9%, p = 0.007), higher rates of both composite adverse neonatal outcome (31.1% vs. 17.3% p = 0.02), and composite severe adverse neonatal outcome (16.3% vs. 8.2% p = 0.04). By multivariate regression analysis HC was found to be independently associated with composite adverse neonatal outcome (aOR = 1.21, 95% CI 1.08–2.38) and with severe composite adverse neonatal outcome (aOR = 1.39, 95% CI 1.16–3.76). Conclusions: Pregnancies complicated by FGR with concomitant HC were associated with higher rates of adverse neonatal outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-56
Number of pages6
JournalPlacenta
Volume104
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2021

Funding

FundersFunder number
NICU

    Keywords

    • Fetal growth restriction
    • Histologic chorioamnionitis
    • Neonatal outcomes
    • Placental pathology

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