Objective: The natural polyamines play a protective role during ischemic injury. We studied the effects of agmatine on ischemic and nonischemic isolated rat hearts. Methods: Thirty-one rats were randomly assigned to one of four experimental groups. Sixteen rats were injected with saline (group 1, n = 9; group 3, n = 7), and 15 rats were injected with 100 mg/kg of agmatine (group 2, n = 8; group 4, n = 7). Injections were given twice: 24 hours and I hour before the experiment. Using the modified Langendorf model, rat hearts were perfused with Krebs-Henseleit solution for 105 minutes during phase 1 of the experiment (groups 1 and 2). During phase 2, hearts were exposed to 45 minutes of global ischemia (groups 3 and 4). Results: During phase 1, no statistically significant differences were observed between the agmatine and the control groups. During phase 2, agmatine caused a significant increase in left ventricular pressure (P < .003). At the end of reperfusion, P(max) was 11.1% ± 10% from the baseline levels versus only 82% ± 5% in the control group. After 20 minutes of reperfusion, dP/dt (first-time derivative of the ventricular pressure) in the agmatine group reached full recovery of 106% ± 12% versus only 64% ± 14% in the saline group (P = .059). Agmatine also caused a significant increase in coronary flow rate (P < .004) throughout the reperfusion period. Quantitative immunohistochemical staining disclosed reduced cell damage in the agmatine-treated hearts (P < .02) versus the control group. Conclusion: Agmatine injection given before induced ischemia improves hemodynamic recovery by mechanisms that may be attributed to its vasodilatory properties.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics|
|State||Published - 1999|
- Isolated heart