The effect of a mild increase in temperature on tooth bleaching

M. Perez Davidi, Ala Hadad, Ervin I. Weiss, Abraham Domb, Boaz Mizrahi, Nir Sterer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To evaluate the effect of temperature on external tooth bleaching. Method and Materials: Human molars and premolars were internally stained and assessed using a standardized tea solution. The mesial aspects of the teeth were assigned to the treatment group (bleaching at 45°C), and the distal aspects of the teeth were assigned to the control group (bleaching at 37°C). An electronic chromometer with a tristimulus color analyzer was used to measure color change. The mean changes in the values of L*, a*, and b* from baseline to posttreatment were recorded, as were the overall color differences of the specimens in each group (ΔE*). Results: Increasing the temperature to 45°C significantly (P < .05) increased the bleaching efficacy and reduced the time needed to gain a lighter tooth shade. Conclusion: A controlled increase in the temperature of the bleaching agent might be useful in achieving better tooth bleaching in a shorter period of time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)771-775
Number of pages5
JournalQuintessence International
Issue number9
StatePublished - Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • At-home tray vital bleaching
  • Bleaching
  • Carbamide peroxide
  • Chromometer
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Power bleach
  • Thermocatalytic bleach
  • Tooth whitening
  • Vital bleach


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