Chicken v-erbB probe was used to isolate a unique clone of Drosophila melanogaster DNA. It maps by in situ hybridization to position 57F on chromosome 2. A complete nucleotide sequence of the coding region has been obtained. The putative Drosophila EGF receptor protein is similar in overall organization to the human homolog. It shows three distinct domains: an extracellular putative EGF binding domain, a hydrophobic transmembrane region, and a cytoplasmic kinase domain. The overall amino acid homology is 41% in the extracellular domain and 55% in the kinase domain. Two cysteine-rich regions, a hallmark of the human ligand-binding domain, have also been conserved. Fusion of the coding sequences of the kinase and extracellular domains generating the receptor gene must have occurred over 800 million years ago.