The Difficult child syndrome

Gal Shoval*, Iris Manor, Sam Tyano

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Many children are referred to the psychiatrist with the title of the difficult child. Behind that popular and non-scientific description hide several major psychiatric syndromes, such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, disruptive behavior disorders, mood disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder. This article reviews the different clinical faces of these disorders, their differential diagnoses, comorbidity and prognosis. These disorders are very prevalent and have long-term consequences on the process of development of the child. Acquaintance with the disorders, early diagnosis and treatment can prevent complications and improve the prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-33
Number of pages5
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2005


  • ADHD
  • Conduct disorder
  • Mood disorders
  • Oppositional defiant disorder
  • Post traumatic stress disorder


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