The diameter of the epicardial coronary arteries in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy

Morris Mosseri, Einat Zolti, Yoseph Rozenman, Chaim Lotan, Tamara Ershov, Tami Izak, Dan Admon, Mervyn S. Gotsman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigated the diameter of epicardial coronary arteries in 12 patients (ten men) with dilated cardiomyopathy, and compared to 21 normal persons (14 men). Dilated cardiomyopathy patients were younger than controls with no difference in height, weight and body surface area. Ejection fraction was lower in dilated cardiomyopathy compared to normals (31±10% and 73 ±7%, respectively, P<0.001). Left ventricular mass was significantly larger (P=004). The sum of diameters of the proximal left anterior descending, circumflex and right coronary arteries (Total Coronary Diameter) in the dilated cardiomyopathy and controls was 13.4±2.7 and 10.5±1.5 mm (P<0.001). Absolute diameters of the left main, left anterior descending, circumflex, proximal right coronary artery and the fight ventricular branch in dilated cardiomyopathy were also significantly larger as was Total Coronary Diameter adjusted for body surface area. Total Coronary Diameter adjusted for left ventricular mass, was significantly smaller (103.42±30.38, 146.00±41.59 mm/mg, respectively, P<0.03). Specific arteries in the dilated cardiomyopathy adjusted for left ventricular mass were significantly smaller, or had a tendency for smaller diameter compared to normals. There was no correlation between age and coronary diameter in each group. After adjusting for left ventricular mass there was no difference in coronary artery diameter between men and women. Thus, coronary arteries of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy have increased absolute diameter compared to normals, but decreased diameter when adjusted for left ventricular mass. This may contribute to patients' complaints and to the natural history of the disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-141
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Nov 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coronary Angiography
  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy
  • Hypertrophy
  • Vasodilation

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