The development of the Standardised Tool for the Assessment of Bruxism (STAB): An international road map

Daniele Manfredini*, Jari Ahlberg, Ghizlane Aarab, Alessandro Bracci, Justin Durham, Alona Emodi-Perlman, Dominik Ettlin, Luigi M. Gallo, Birgitta Häggman-Henrikson, Michail Koutris, Ingrid Peroz, Peter Svensson, Peter Wetselaar, Frank Lobbezoo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


This paper summarises the background reasoning and work that led to the selection of the items included in the Standardised Tool for the Assessment of Bruxism (STAB), also introducing the list of items. The instrument is currently being tested for face validity and on-field comprehension. The underlying premise is that the different motor activities included in the bruxism spectrum (e.g. clenching vs. grinding, with or without teeth contact) potentially need to be discriminated from each other, based on their purportedly different aetiology, comorbidities and potential consequences. Focus should be on a valid impression of the activities' frequency, intensity and duration. The methods that can be used for the above purposes can be grouped into strategies that collect information from the patient's history (subject-based), from the clinical assessment performed by an examiner (clinically based) or from the use of instruments to measure certain outcomes (instrumentally based). The three strategies can apply to all aspects of bruxism (i.e. status, comorbid conditions, aetiology and consequences). The STAB will help gathering information on many aspects, factors and conditions that are currently poorly investigated in the field of bruxism. To this purpose, it is divided into two axes. Axis A includes the self-reported information on bruxism status and potential consequences (subject-based report) together with the clinical (examiner report) and instrumental assessment (technology report). Axis B includes the self-reported information (subject-based report) on factors and conditions that may have an etiological or comorbid role for bruxism. This comprehensive multidimensional assessment system will allow building predictive model for clinical and research purposes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Oral Rehabilitation
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • Standardised Tool for the Assessment of Bruxism
  • assessment
  • awake bruxism
  • bruxism
  • sleep bruxism


Dive into the research topics of 'The development of the Standardised Tool for the Assessment of Bruxism (STAB): An international road map'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this