The determinants of womens employment dynamics: The case of Israeli women

Haya Stier*, Meir Yaish

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The dynamic of Israeli womens labour market experiences is analysed, with the focus on three main determinants of their attachment to the labour market: (i) family events, particularly the effect and timing of childbirth on womens market involvement, (ii) human capital, and (iii) structural determinants, including occupation, and sector of employment. Utilizing data from the 2001 mobility study in Israel, which is a retrospective longitudinal survey, we employed event history techniques to examine womens likelihood to leave and re-enter the labour market. As expected, childbirth proved to increase the likelihood of work withdrawal, and human capital reinforced womens attachment to paid employment. Structural characteristics of the labour market, especially employment in the public sector, provided women with the necessary conditions to maintain continuous employment, even when family responsibilities were high, and to resume working sooner than women employed in a less supportive environment. Implications are discussed, and several avenues for further research suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-377
Number of pages15
JournalEuropean Sociological Review
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2008

Funding

FundersFunder number
Institute for Social Research
Tel Aviv University
University of Haifa

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