The detection of a common idiotype of anti-DNA antibodies in the sera of patients with monoclonal gammopathies

Y. Shoenfeld*, O. Ben-Yehuda, Y. Napartstek, Y. Wilner, R. Frolichman, A. Schattner, G. Lavie, H. Joshua, J. Pinkhas, R. C. Kennedy, R. S. Schwartz, A. I. Pick

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The sera of 265 patients with monoclonal gammopathies were examined for the presence of a dominant idiotype of the anti-DNA antibody [16/6 idiotype (Id)] and for anti-DNA activity. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with a rabbit anti-16/6 antibody revealed 23 (8.7%) sera that contained increased concentrations of the idiotype. Seven of the patients had benign monoclonal gammopathy, three multiple myeloma, three Waldenström macroglobulinemia, five essential mixed cryoglobulinemia, and five monoclonal cryoglobulinema. In 5 of the 23 sera, antinuclear activity was also noted. In 11 of the 16/6 Id-positive sera the anti-nucleic acid antibody reactions were found to be polyspecific, reacting with polydeoxythymidilic acid and polyinosinic acid, in addition to single-stranded DNA and double-stranded DNA. Similar results were achieved with the purified serum monoclonal components. The specificity of the idiotype analysis was demonstrated with an unrelated dominant idiotype of anti-HBsAg antibody. In none of the patients, except one (with essential mixed cryoglobulinemia), was lupus symptomatology noted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-204
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Immunology
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1986

Keywords

  • Monoclonal gammopathies
  • anti-DNA antibodies
  • autoantibodies
  • autoimmune diseases
  • idiotypes
  • macroglobulinemia
  • monoclonal antibodies
  • multiple myeloma

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