The dawn of fungal pathogen genomics

Jin Rong Xu, You Liang Peng, Martin B. Dickman, Amir Sharon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Recent advances in sequencing technologies have led to a remarkable increase in the number of sequenced fungal genomes. Several important plant pathogenic fungi are among those that have been sequenced or are being sequenced. Additional fungal pathogens are likely to be sequenced in the near future. Analysis of the available genomes has provided useful information about genes that may be important for plant infection and colonization. Genome features, such as repetitive sequences, telomeres, conserved syntenic blocks, and expansion of pathogenicity-related genes, are discussed in detail with Magnaporthe oryzae (M. grisea) and Fusarium graminearum as examples. Functional and comparative genomic studies in plant pathogenic fungi, although still in the early stages and limited to a few pathogens, have enormous potential to improve our understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in host-pathogen interactions. Development of advanced genomics tools and infrastructure is critical for efficient utilization of the vast wealth of available genome sequence information and will form a solid foundation for systems biology studies of plant pathogenic fungi.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAnnual Review of Phytopathology
EditorsDawson Alfen
Pages337-366
Number of pages30
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

Publication series

NameAnnual Review of Phytopathology
Volume44
ISSN (Print)0066-4286

Keywords

  • Fungal pathogenesis
  • Fungal pathogens
  • Fusarium
  • Magnaporthe
  • Pathogen genomics
  • Sclerotinia

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