The compliance rate for the second diagnostic evaluation after a positive fecal occult blood test: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Rachel Gingold-Belfer, Haim Leibovitzh, Doron Boltin, Nidal Issa, Tsachi Tsadok Perets, Ram Dickman, Yaron Niv

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Only a minority of patients with a positive fecal occult blood test (FOBT) undergo a follow-up second diagnostic procedure, thus minimizing its contribution for colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention. We aimed to obtain a precise estimation of this problem and also assess the diagnostic yield of CRC and adenomas by colonoscopy in these patients. Methods: Literature searches were conducted for “compliance” OR “adherence” AND “fecal occult blood test” OR “fecal immunohistochemical test” AND “colonoscopy.” Comprehensive meta-analysis software was used. Results: The search resulted in 42 studies (512,496 patients with positive FOBT), published through December 31, 2017. A funnel plot demonstrates a moderate publication bias. Compliance with any second procedure, colonoscopy, or combination of double-contrast barium enema with or without sigmoidoscopy in patients with a positive FOBT was 0.725 with 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.649–0.790 (p = 0.000), 0.804 with 95% CI 0.740–0.856 (p = 0.000) and 0.197 with 95% CI 0.096–0.361 (p = 0.000), respectively. The diagnostic yield for CRC, advanced adenoma and simple adenoma was 0.058 with 95% CI 0.050–0.068 (p = 0.000), 0.242 with 95% CI 0.188–0.306 (p = 0.000) and 0.147 with 95% CI 0.116–0.184 (p < 0.001), respectively. Discussion: Compliance with diagnostic evaluation after a positive FOBT is still suboptimal. Therefore, measures to increase compliance need to be taken given the increased risk of CRC in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)424-448
Number of pages25
JournalUnited European Gastroenterology Journal
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2019

Keywords

  • CRC prevention
  • Compliance rate
  • diagnostic yield
  • fecal occult blood test
  • follow-up colonoscopy

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