The combined frequencies of the IL-6 G-174C and IGFBP3 A-202C polymorphisms among swimmers and runners

Sigal Ben-Zaken*, Yoav Meckel, Dan Nemet, Eias Kassem, Alon Eliakim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previous studies have demonstrated that compared to runners, swimmers carry a higher prevalence of the IL-6 -174C polymorphism and lower single nucleotide polymorphism frequencies of the IGF system. Purpose: The aim of the present study was to assess the combined frequency of the IL-6 -174G/C and IGFBP3 -202A/C polymorphisms among track and field athletes and swimmers. Methods: Track and field athletes were divided into long-distance runners (major event 5000 m-marathon, n = 63) and power athletes (major event 100-200 m sprints and long jump, n = 67). Swimmers were divided into long-distance swimmers (major event: 400-1500 m, n = 50), and short-distance swimmers (major event: 50-100 m, n = 43). All participants had achieved results that ranked them among the top all-time Israeli athletes in their event, and competed at national and/or international level on a regular basis. Results: Carrying both IL-6C and IGFBP3C mutations was significantly greater among long-distance swimmers (LDS – 44%) compared to long distance runners (LDR – 21%, p < .01), and among short distance swimmers (SDS – 49%) compared to sprinters and jumpers (S/J – 28%, p < .05). Among runners, the prevalence of those not carrying either of the two mutations was significantly higher among LDR (25%) compared to S/J (10%, p < .03). Conclusion: The prevalence of carrying both IL-6C and IGFBP3C mutations was significantly higher among the swimmers compared to runners. It is possible that carrying the IGFBP3C polymorphism is required to compensate for the potential genetically non-beneficial effects of a higher IL-6C genotype and an attenuated IGF system among the swimmers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-21
Number of pages5
JournalGrowth Hormone and IGF Research
Volume51
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Genetic polymorphism
  • IGFBP3
  • IL-6
  • Runners
  • Swimmers

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