The clinical significance of human papillomavirus type in women with recurrent cytological atypia

Ravit Bassal, Yoav Guilburd, Hagit Shapira, Joseph Azuri, Judith Zandbank, Eduardo Schejter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The human papillomavirus (HPV) test has proven to be efficient in triaging women with abnormal Pap findings in women with low cytological atypia, but there is no data about the accuracy for large loop excision of transformation zone in cases of recurrent atypia. Objectives: To assess the clinical correlation between results of HPV typing and conization histology in women who had recurrent abnormal Pap test results with no colposcopy findings. Methods: Our retrospective cohort study included 138 women enrolled in the Maccabi Healthcare Services who had consecutive atypical Pap test results for 2 years in which no abnormal colposcopic findings were detected. These women had an HPV typing and then conization. Results: Among the total study population (n=138), 71.7% had negative histology, 19.6% had ≤ cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 1 (≤ CIN1), and 8.7% had CIN2+. With regard to HPV typing, 34.8% were negative and 65.2% were positive. Of those testing positive, 34.4% were positive for HPV 16 or 18. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive values of HPV typing for women were 89.7%, 44.4%, 38.9%, and 91.7%, respectively, and for HPV 16 or 18: 71.4%, 67.7%, 32.3%, and 100.0%, respectively. After stratification by cytological grades, for women with high-grade cervical cytology, the sensitivity and negative predictive values of the HPV typing were higher than among low-grade cervical cytology, while specificity and positive predictive values were lower. Conclusions: HPV typing is a useful tool for the management of patients with persistently abnormal Pap test results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-175
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume20
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Cervical dysplasia
  • Cervix
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)

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