Eliav Lieblich, Adam Shinar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


"1 In early December 2016, 2,000 veterans gathered at the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation in North Dakota to serve as "human shields" for protesters against a plan to construct an oil pipeline through the Reservation.2 The choice of language was striking: the terms "occupation" and "human shields," belong to the world of war rather than to that of law enforcement and civil protest.3 This specific language, in both cases, does not necessarily reflect the protesters' belligerent attitude, nor is it coincidental. [...]this Article identifies the key problem of police militarization in its normalization. [...]it is collective: since it is not (always) aimed at specific individuals, it tends to rely on collective assumptions of the potential for violence. According to Peter Kraska, "[t]o militarize means adopting and applying the central elements of the military model to an organization or
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-153
Number of pages49
JournalMichigan journal of race & law
Issue number1/2
StatePublished - 2018


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