The atp1 and atp2 operons of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803

Holger Lill*, Nathan Nelson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


The two operons atp1 and atp2, encoding the subunits of the FOF1 ATP-synthase, have been cloned and sequenced from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. The organization of the different genes in the operons have been found to resemble that of the cyanobacteria Synechococcus sp. PCC 6301 and Anabaena sp. PCC 7120. The Synechocystis FOF1 ATP-synthase has nine subunits. A tenth open reading frame with unknown function was detected at the 5′ end of atp1, coding for a putative gene product similar to uncI in Escherichia coli. A promoter structure was inferred for the Synechocystis atp operons and compared to other known promoters of cyanobacteria. Even though the operon structure of atp1 and atp2 in Synechocystis resembles the corresponding operons of Synechococcus, the amino acid sequences of individual gene products show marked differences. Genetic distances between cyanobacterial genes and genes for ATP-synthase subunits from other species have been calculated and compiled into evolutionary trees.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)641-652
Number of pages12
JournalPlant Molecular Biology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1991
Externally publishedYes


  • F-ATPase
  • cyanobacteria
  • evolution
  • operon
  • photosynthesis


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