The associations between insecure attachment, rooming-in, and postpartum depression: A 2 months’ longitudinal study

Maayan Molmen Lichter, Yoav Peled, Sigal levy, Arnon Wiznitzer, Haim Krissi, Jonathan E. Handelzalts*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Postpartum depression (PPD) is the most common complication of childbearing, and recent studies have attempted to examine risk factors associated with it. The main study hypothesis was that a protective situational factor at a sensitive time period (full rooming-in postpartum) would moderate the associations between insecure attachment dimensions and PPD. Three hundred twelve women, in either full or partial rooming-in, participated in a longitudinal study at the maternity ward of a tertiary healthcare center. A Demographic questionnaire and the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale were administered at 1–4 days postpartum, and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression scale at 2 months postpartum. PPD was significantly associated with both anxious and avoidant attachment dimensions, but not with rooming-in conditions. In addition, women in partial rooming-in showed a positive correlation between insecure attachment dimensions and PPD, whereas no such correlation was found for full rooming-in women. A situational factor such as full rooming-in, which occurs at a critical time point for the mother–infant relationship, can moderate the association between maternal avoidant or anxious attachment dimensions and the mother's PPD levels. Postpartum practices, such as rooming-in, can be personalized and thus beneficial in moderating personal risk factors for PPD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-86
Number of pages13
JournalInfant Mental Health Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021


  • Bindung
  • Geburt
  • Rooming-In
  • accouchement
  • afectividad
  • attachement
  • attachment
  • childbirth
  • compartir el cuarto
  • depresión posterior al parto
  • dépression postpartum
  • nacimiento del niño
  • postpartale Depression
  • postpartum depression
  • rooming-in
  • rooming-in


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