The Associations Between Computational Thinking and Creativity: The Role of Personal Characteristics

Rotem Israel-Fishelson, Arnon Hershkovitz, Andoni Eguíluz, Pablo Garaizar, Mariluz Guenaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Computational Thinking (CT) and creativity are considered two vital skills for the 21st century that should be incorporated into future curricula around the world. We studied the relationship between these two constructs while focusing on learners’ personal characteristics. Two types of creativity were examined: creative thinking and computational creativity. The research was conducted among 174 middle school students from Spain. Data collected using a standardized creativity test (Torrance's TTCT) were triangulated with data drawn from students' log files that documented their activity in a game-based learning environment for CT (Kodetu). We found some interesting associations between CT and the two constructs of creativity. These associations shed light on positive associations between each of the two creativity constructs and CT acquisition, as well as between the two creativity constructs themselves. Additionally, we highlight differences between boys and girls, as girls were found to be more creative on both creativity measures. Other differences associated with school affiliation, prior coding knowledge, and technology affinity are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1415-1447
Number of pages33
JournalJournal of Educational Computing Research
Issue number8
StatePublished - Jan 2021


  • computational thinking
  • creativity
  • game-based learning
  • learning analytics
  • log analysis


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