The association between maternal cytomegalovirus urinary excretion and congenital infection rate

Rita Zlatkin, Efraim Bilavsky, Joseph Pardo, Lina Salman, Ron Bardin, Eran Hadar, Anat Shmueli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: In utero Cytomegalovirus (CMV) vertical transmission occurs predominantly during primary maternal infection. There are no known non-invasive methods for diagnosis of fetal infection before delivery, however some risk factors have been suggested. We aimed to evaluate the association between maternal CMV urinary excretion and congenital CMV infection. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of all women who were diagnosed with primary CMV infection during pregnancy in a single university affiliated tertiary medical center, between 2012 and 2016. We examined congenital CMV infection and disease rates among infants born to women with and without CMV urinary excretion. Results: Overall, 126 women were included, 77 in the positive urinary excretion group, and 49 in the negative urinary excretion group. There was no difference in maternal symptoms between the groups. We found no difference in congenital CMV infection and disease rates between infants born to women with and without urinary excretion of CMV (congenital infection rate 37.1% vs. 24.4%, p = 0.209, congenital disease rate of 18.2% vs. 22.4%, p = 0.648). Women with positive urinary CMV excretion had lower IgG avidity values (36.7% vs 54.6%, p = 0.007), with no additional difference in serology pattern. Compared to asymptomatic women, those with CMV related symptoms did not have significantly higher rates of urinary excretion of CMV (70% vs. 60.5%, p = 0.38) or congenital infection rates (40.7% vs. 31.2%, p = 0.48). Conclusion: Among infants of women with primary CMV infection in pregnancy, we did not find an association between urinary excretion of CMV and congenital CMV infection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number741
JournalBMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • CMV
  • Congenital infection
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Maternal infection
  • Urinary excretion

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