The association between cumulative adversity and mental health: Considering dose and primary focus of adversity

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Abstract

Purpose The study addressed the dose-response model in the association of cumulative adversity with mental health. Method Data of 1,725 participants aged 50+ were drawn from the Israeli component of the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe. Measures included an inventory of potentially traumatic events, distress (lifetime depression, depressive symptoms), and well-being (quality of life, optimism/hope). Results The maximal effect of cumulative trauma emerged in the contrast between 0-2 and 3+ events, where the higher number of events related to higher distress but also to higher well-being. While self-oriented adversity revealed no, or negative, association with well-being, other-oriented adversity revealed a positive association. Conclusions The study suggests an experiential dose of cumulative adversity leading to a co-activation of distress and well-being. The source of this co-activation seems to be other-oriented adversity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1149-1158
Number of pages10
JournalQuality of Life Research
Volume21
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012

Keywords

  • Cumulative adversity
  • Dose-response
  • Other-oriented adversity
  • SHARE-Israel
  • Self-oriented adversity

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