The Arab republic of Egypt (jumhuriyyat misr al-'arabiyya)

Ami Ayalon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The Security Forces comprised mostly illiterate youths from the countryside; their service conditions were extremely poor, as was their public image. The police kept a watchful eye on the activities of the radical groups, frequently harassing them and making clear its firm intention to check their plans and activities. The basic grievances of the student sector — tight police control of their activities, overcrowded classrooms, poor campus services — remained unresolved, while the national problems, about which they were used to voicing their views loudly, became increasingly complicated. The Opposition continued to complain of insufficient freedom and of the slow pace of progress in the democratic process. The February riots thus served to emphasize the limited range of options available to a leadership with problems as formidable as those of Egypt. Egyptian-American cooperation on broader Middle Eastern issues was given a low profile in 1986.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMiddle East Contemporary Survey
Subtitle of host publicationVolume X, 1986
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9780429698651
ISBN (Print)9780367003241
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019


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