The annual rhythm of activity of the lateral meristems (cambium and phellogen) in pinus halepensis Mill. and Pinus pinea L.

Nili Liphschitz, S. Lev-Yadun, E. Rosen, Y. Waisel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The annual rhythms of cambial and phellogen activity in Pinus halepensis and P pinea were investigated. Under natural conditions the cambium of P halepensis begins its activity in autumn, enters a quiescent period during midwinter, resurnes activity towards spring and enters a second rest period in summer. The ring border is formed during summer. Irrigated plants growing outdoors were active almost all the year round. The cambium of P pinea is active between April and November and enters a true winter dormancy. The duration of xylem production exceeded that of the phloem. More xylem than phloem cells were formed. The phellogen was active during a short period only. Pinus halepensis seems to follow the Mediterranean climate patterns whereas P pinea follows the pattern of a colder climate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-274
Number of pages12
JournalIAWA Journal
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1984

Keywords

  • Periodicity
  • Phellogen
  • Phloem
  • Pinus
  • Vascular cambium
  • Xylem production

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