The anatomy of the maxilla and the mandible: Related structures and inserted muscles

Dmitri Lev*, Zvi Artzi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter focuses mainly on the oral anatomy, and additionally considers the structures which are topographically and functionally part of the oral apparatus. The mandible, maxilla, and palatine bones form the boundaries of the oral cavity. The long frontal process ascends between the lacrimal and nasal bones to articulate with the frontal bone via the frontomaxillary suture. The complete fusion of the mandibular halves forms the midline ridge descending from the lower margin of the alveolar process on the external (labial) surface of the adult mandible. The origin of the stylohyoid muscle is on the posterior and lateral surfaces of the base of the styloid process. The mylohyoid muscle originates on the inner mandibular surface and extends from the symphysis to the third molar tooth. The trigeminal nerve divides into the ophthalmic, maxillary, and mandibular nerves in the cranial cavity.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBone Augmentation by Anatomical Region
Subtitle of host publicationTechniques and Decision-Making
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781119427926
ISBN (Print)9781119427841
StatePublished - 13 May 2020


  • Mandible bone
  • Maxilla bone
  • Mylohyoid muscle
  • Palatine bone
  • Stylohyoid muscle
  • Trigeminal nerve


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