The Alzheimer disease BIN1 locus as a modifier of GBA-associated Parkinson disease

Z. Gan-Or, I. Amshalom, A. Bar-Shira, M. Gana-Weisz, A. Mirelman, K. Marder, S. Bressman, N. Giladi, A. Orr-Urtreger*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


GBA mutations are among the most common genetic risk factors for Parkinson disease (PD) worldwide. We aimed to identify genetic modifiers of the age at onset (AAO) in GBA-associated PD. The study included a genome-wide discovery phase, including a cohort of 79 patients with the GBA p.N370S mutation, and candidate validation and replication analyses of 8 SNPs in patients with mild (n = 113) and severe (n = 41) GBA mutations. Genotyping was performed using the Affymetrix human SNP 6.0 array and TaqMan assays. In the genome-wide phase, none of the SNPs passed the genome-wide significance threshold. Eight SNPs were selected for further analysis from the top hits. In all GBA-associated PD patients (n = 153), the BIN1 rs13403026 minor allele was associated with an older AAO (12.4 ± 5.9 years later, p = 0.0001), compared to patients homozygous for the major allele. Furthermore, the AAO was 10.7 ± 6.8 years later in patients with mild GBA mutations, (p = 0.005, validation group), and 17.1 ± 2.5 years later in patients with severe GBA mutations (p = 0.01, replication). Our results suggest that alterations in the BIN1 locus, previously associated with Alzheimer disease, may modify the AAO of GBA-associated PD. More studies in other populations are required to examine the role of BIN1-related variants in GBA-associated PD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2443-2447
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Neurology
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2015


  • BIN1
  • GBA
  • Genetics
  • Parkinson disease


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