The ABCD of obesity: An EASO position statement on a diagnostic term with clinical and scientific implications

Gema Frühbeck*, Luca Busetto, Dror Dicker, Volkan Yumuk, Gijs H. Goossens, Johannes Hebebrand, Jason G.C. Halford, Nathalie J. Farpour-Lambert, Ellen E. Blaak, Euan Woodward, Hermann Toplak

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

149 Scopus citations

Abstract

Obesity is a frequent, serious, complex, relapsing, and chronic disease process that represents a major public health problem. The coining of obesity as an adiposity-based chronic disease (ABCD) is of particular relevance being in line with EASO's proposal to improve the International Classification of Diseases ICD-11 diagnostic criteria for obesity based on three dimensions, namely etiology, degree of adiposity, and health risks. The body mass index as a unique measurement of obesity does not reflect the whole complexity of the disease. Obesity complications are mainly determined by 2 pathological processes, i.e., physical forces (fat mass disease) as well as endocrine and immune responses (sick fat disease), which are embedded in a cultural and physical context leading to a specific ABCD stage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-136
Number of pages6
JournalObesity Facts
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Adiposity
  • Comorbidities
  • Dysfunctional adipose tissue
  • Noncommunicable diseases

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The ABCD of obesity: An EASO position statement on a diagnostic term with clinical and scientific implications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this