The aade*-sat4-apha-3 gene cluster of mycoplasma bovirhinis haz141_2 undergoes genomic rearrangements influencing the primary promoter sequence

Inna Lysnyansky, Ilya Borovok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The 54 kb GC-rich prophage region of Mycoplasma bovirhinis HAZ141_2 contains three structural ‘compartments’, one of which is a highly transmittable cluster of three genes, aadE-like (aadE*), sat4, and aphA-3. In this study, we characterized recombination events and their consequences occurred within the aadE*-sat4-aphA-3 containing region. Analysis of this region revealed direct repeats (DRs) of 155 and invert repeats (IRs) of 197 base pairs (bps) each, flanking and overlapping with the primary promoter P* located upstream of the aadE*. Two recombination events, including inversions via both 197 and 155-bp IRs (the latter become inverted after the initial 197-bp IRs associated inversion) and the excision of the aadE*-sat4-aphA-3 cluster, were confirmed. Inversion via 155-IRs results in changes within the P* promoter region. Using Escherichia coli JM109 carrying plasmids containing derivatives of the aadE*-sat4-aphA-3 cluster, we validated the expression of those genes from different promoters. Our results showed no difference in the minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) to kanamycin and neomycin and only 2-fold decrease in MIC (from 512 to 256 µg/mL) to nourseothricin between the wild type and a P* derivative promoter. However, the MICs to kanamycin and neomycin were at least 4-fold lower in the construct where aphA-3 expressed under its P2 promoter (128 µg/mL) in comparison to the construct where aphA-3 expressed under P1” promoter located within the sat4 gene (512–1024 µg/mL). PCR confirmed the excision of the aadE*-sat4-aphA-3 cluster via 197-and 155-bp DRs, but no selection of antibiotic-sensitive M. bovirhinis were obtained after 100 passages in kanamycin-free medium.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1335
JournalAntibiotics
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • AadE-sat4-aphA-3
  • Deletions
  • Inversions
  • Kanamycin
  • Mycoplasma
  • Neomycin
  • Nourseothricin
  • Promoters
  • Prophage
  • Resistance

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