The 100 most cited papers on amblyopia: a bibliographic perspective

Gilad Allon*, Elad Moisseiev, Sara Dichter, Tamara Wygnanski-Jaffe, Eedy Mezer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Aim: To analyze the top 100 most cited papers related to amblyopia. Methods: A bibliographic search in the Institute for Scientific Information Web of Knowledge across 55 years was performed. Results: Eighty-nine of the 100 papers were published in first-quartile journals. Half (50) of the senior authors were from the USA. Most papers dealt with clinical science (72) and included original research (84). Forty-two of the articles related to all three types of amblyopia (refractive, strabismic and deprivation). Thirty-four related to both strabismic and refractive amblyopia. Around two-thirds of the papers dealt with treatment (34) and pathophysiology (30). Almost a quarter (23%) of the papers were multicenter studies. Nearly half (48) of the papers were published between 2000 and 2010. The Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group (PEDIG) published the highest number of studies (11), which dealt more with treatment (p = 0.01) and had higher average number of citations per years (p = 0.05). A larger number of articles on the treatment of amblyopia are newer (p = 0.01). There was no correlation between the time of their publication and the number of citations (p = 0.68, r = 0.042). Conclusions: Half of the papers were published between 2000 and 2010 and were spearheaded by PEDIG. Most papers dealt with treatment and pathophysiology. This study provides an important historical perspective, emphasizing the need for additional research to better understand this preventable and curable childhood vision impairment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1075-1089
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Ophthalmology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2023


  • Amblyopia
  • Bibliography
  • Citations
  • Development of vision


Dive into the research topics of 'The 100 most cited papers on amblyopia: a bibliographic perspective'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this