Testing the efficacy of a smartphone application in improving medication adherence, among children with ADHD

Omri Weisman, Yael Schonherz, Tal Harel, Martin Efron, Maya Elazar, Doron Gothelf*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Adherence to medication is a key factor for successful treatment of children with ADHD. However, most children do not adhere to their pharmacotherapy regimen, and have no contact with their physician during the first month of pharmacotherapy. A mobile health (mHealth) approach may bridge the gap between physicians and patients, allowing for more frequent communications as well as better monitoring of adherence to the prescribed treatment. Method: The study sample included 39 children with ADHD (27 boys), aged 9.56±2.41 years. Participants were randomly assigned to one of the following two groups: (1) a study group in which participants and their parents were prompted to use a mobile application (i.e., mobile app or app); or to (2) a control group in which participants were treated as usual, without the app. Pill counts, which is a common strategy for confirming medication adherence, was recorded at week 4 and week 8. Clinical assessment conducted at baseline, week 4, and week 8. Results: Participants who were prescribed with the app demonstrated higher overall pill counts over 8-weeks period, F=4.33, p<.05. In addition, a significant improvement in total CRS score was found among the study group compared to controls in week 4 and week 8, F=4.74, p<.05. Conclusions: The current study provides initial support for the feasibility of a new mobile app in promoting adherence to stimulants among youth with ADHD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-64
Number of pages6
JournalIsrael Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2018


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