Testing agonist-induced platelet aggregation by the Impact-R [Cone and plate(let) analyzer (CPA)]

B. Shenkman, Y. Einav, O. Salomon, D. Varon, N. Savion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Impact-R [Cone and plate(let) analyzer (CPA)] is useful to assess platelet adhesion in different diseases and to monitor antiplatelet therapy. The purpose of the present study was to adapt this system to test agonist-induced platelet aggregation. Blood samples were tested by light transmission platelet aggregometry (LTA), Impact-R regular test and Impact-R agonist-response test. In the latter, samples were pre-incubated for 1 min with an agonist leading to platelet activation, micro-aggregates formation and reduced adhesion. Impact-R regular test of ten healthy volunteers demonstrated platelet adhesion (surface coverage, SC) of 11.2 ± 2.6% while LTA induced by ADP, ristocetin, epinephrine, collagen and arachidonic acid (AA) yielded maximal aggregation (81% to 93%). In the Impact-R agonist-response test, SC was reduced to 2.2 ± 1.0%, 1.2 ± 0.9%, 2.3 ± 1.0%, 2.2 ± 0.8% and 2.4 ± 0.4%, respectively. Prostaglandin E1 treatment weakened SC reduction in response to ADP and epinephrine (SC of 8.8 ± 1.8% and 9.5 ± 2.0%, respectively). Inhibition of P2Y12 receptor with 2MeSAMP resulted in a dose-dependent decrease in maximal aggregation in the ADP-induced test, which inversely correlated to SC in the Impact-R ADP-response test. The Impact-R agonist-response tests detected aggregation defects in patients with storage pool disease, severe von Willebrand disease and epinephrine response deficiency, and may be useful to assess the effect of different agonists on platelet aggregation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-446
Number of pages7
JournalPlatelets
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2008

Keywords

  • Impact-R
  • Platelet adhesion
  • Platelet aggregation
  • Platelet agonists

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Testing agonist-induced platelet aggregation by the Impact-R [Cone and plate(let) analyzer (CPA)]'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this