Territorial ownership perceptions and reconciliation in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict: A person-centred approach

Kaja Warnke*, Borja Martinović, Nimrod Rosler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigate land ownership claims and reconciliation-related outcomes in the intractable Israeli–Palestinian conflict. Using a person-centred approach and drawing on survey data of Jewish and Palestinian citizens of Israel, we (1) identify profiles with differing ingroup and outgroup ownership perceptions, (2) examine how profile membership depends on group identifications and the endorsement of ownership principles, and (3) assess how reconciliation intentions and support for concrete territorial conflict solutions differ across the profiles. The majority of the Jews (87%) perceived exclusive ingroup ownership of the contested land, whereas 13% perceived shared Jewish and Palestinian ownership. In contrast, most of the Palestinians perceived moderate levels of shared ownership (43%) followed by ingroup ownership (36%), but we also identified profiles with high levels of shared ownership (11%) and exclusive outgroup ownership (10%). We conclude that Jewish and Palestinian citizens of Israel have different understandings of land ownership. Complex patterns of endorsing various ownership principles and levels of group identifications explained profile membership, mostly in line with our expectations. Importantly, the profiles differed in attitudes towards concrete territorial solutions and intergroup reconciliation, attesting to the relevance of examining ownership perceptions in conflict regions from a person-centred approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-47
Number of pages17
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Funding

FundersFunder number
European Research Council
Horizon 2020715842

    Keywords

    • Israeli-Palestinian conflict
    • collective psychological ownership
    • group identifications
    • ownership principles
    • person-centred approach
    • reconciliation

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