TERC telomerase subunit gene copy number in placentas from pregnancies complicated with intrauterine growth restriction

Tal Biron-Shental*, Dvora Kidron, Rivka Sukenik-Halevy, Lilach Goldberg-Bittman, Reuven Sharony, Moshe D. Fejgin, Aliza Amiel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a significant cause of both short- and long-term morbidity and mortality. IUGR secondary to placental dysfunction is correlated with telomere shortening. Telomerase is an enzyme complex that elongates telomeres. One of its components is encoded by the telomerase RNA component gene (TERC), which serves as the RNA template for the addition of telomeric repeats. We hypothesized decreased TERC gene copy number in IUGR placentas as part of the mechanism of telomere shortening in placental dysfunction. Methods: We estimated the gene copy number of the TERC gene at 3q26 by applying FISH to trophoblasts of placental biopsies from five pregnancies with IUGR caused by placental insufficiency and compared them to placentas from five gestational-age matched, uncomplicated pregnancies. Results: Significantly lower TERC gene copy number was observed in IUGR trophoblasts on the same chromosome and on other chromosomes, compared to the control samples (p<0.05). Conclusions: The TERC gene copy number is decreased in IUGR trophoblasts. These results support the observations of telomere shortening and decreased telomerase activity in IUGR placentas. We suggest that these findings might play a role in the pathophysiology of IUGR, perhaps by promoting senescence in trophoblasts of IUGR placentas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-75
Number of pages3
JournalEarly Human Development
Volume87
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • FISH
  • IUGR
  • Placenta
  • TERC
  • Trophoblasts

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'TERC telomerase subunit gene copy number in placentas from pregnancies complicated with intrauterine growth restriction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this