Background. Biological barriers are commonly used to treat alveolar bone defects and guide tissue regeneration. Understanding the biological and mechanical properties of the available membranes is crucial for selecting the one that is optimal for enhancing clinical outcomes. Purpose. To evaluate the mechanical behavior of three different collagen membranes to increasing tensile force in dry and wet conditions. Materials and Methods. Three commercially collagen membranes were selected for analysis: Bio-Gide® (Geistlich Biomaterials, Baden-Baden, Germany), Remaix™ (RX; Matricel GmbH, Herzogenrath, Germany), and Ossix Plus® (Datum Dental Biotech, Lod, Israel). Increasing tensile forces were applied on 10 dry and wet membranes of standard size via a loading machine. Force and extension values were acquired up to maximum load before failure, and maximum stress, maximum extension, and amount of energy needed for membrane tearing were analyzed. Membranes' densities were also calculated. Results. The Remaix membrane exhibited the highest values of maximum load tensile strength, maximum extension, and maximum energy required for membrane tearing, followed by Bio-Gide. Ossix Plus had the lowest scores in all these parameters. Dry membranes had the highest scores for all parameters except extension. Membrane density was directly and significantly correlated with all tested parameters. Conclusions. The study was undertaken to provide clinicians with data upon which to base the selection of collagen membranes in order to achieve optimal clinical results. It emerged that the mechanical properties of dry and wet collagen membranes were significantly different from one another. Among the 3 tested membranes, Remaix exhibited higher performance results in all the mechanical tests. Collagen membrane density seems to have a significant influence upon mechanical resistance. These findings may also guide manufacturers in improving the quality of their product.