Ten Years of Abstinence in Former Opiate Addicts: Medication-Free Non-Patients Compared to Methadone Maintenance Patients

Einat Peles, Anat Sason, Oren Tene, Yoav Domany, Shaul Schreiber, Miriam Adelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Fifty-five former opioid addicts who have been methadone maintained patients for 10 or more years and whose urine has tested negative for drugs for 2 or more years were compared to 99 former opioid addicts who have been medication-free for 10 or more years. Groups were comparable in age and education, but the medication-free subjects were younger when having started opioids with more severe addiction scores. Methadone maintained patients presented with a higher proportion of psychiatric comorbidity and chronic pain. Their scores of perceived sleep quality and cognitive state were poorer than the medication-free individuals. Possible explanations of the differences are discussed in this article.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-295
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Addictive Diseases
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Oct 2015

Keywords

  • Prolonged abstinence
  • cognitive chronic pain
  • methadone maintenance treatment
  • sleep

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