Temporomandibular joint involvement as a positive clinical prognostic factor in necrotising external otitis

E. Yeheskeli, R. Abu Eta, Haim Gavriel, S. Kleid, E. Eviatar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Necrotising otitis externa is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. This study investigated whether temporomandibular joint involvement had any prognostic effect on the course of necrotising otitis externa in patients who had undergone hyperbaric oxygen therapy after failed medical and sometimes surgical therapy. Methods: A retrospective case series was conducted of patients in whom antibiotic treatment and surgery had failed, who had been hospitalised for further treatment and hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Results: Twenty-three patients with necrotising otitis externa were identified. The temporomandibular joint was involved in four patients (17 per cent); these patients showed a constant gradual improvement in C-reactive protein and were eventually discharged free of disease, except one patient who was lost to follow up. Four patients (16 per cent) without temporomandibular joint involvement died within 90 days of discharge, while all patients with temporomandibular joint involvement were alive. Three patients (13 per cent) without temporomandibular joint involvement needed recurrent hospitalisation including further hyperbaric oxygen therapy; no patients with temporomandibular joint involvement required such treatment. Conclusion: Patients with temporomandibular joint involvement had lower rates of recurrent disease and no mortality. Therefore, we suggest considering temporomandibular joint involvement as a positive prognostic factor in necrotising otitis externa management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-439
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Laryngology and Otology
Volume130
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2016

Keywords

  • External Otitis
  • Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy
  • Prognosis
  • Temporomandibular Joint
  • Therapeutics

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